Modern Egypt is the most populous and most advanced of the Arab nations.
In 1956 Egypt elected Gamal Abdal Nasser as its first president.
Under Nasser's leadership, in 1962, the newly established national charter limited the amount of land held by farm owners to 100 acres.
The remaining land was confiscated by the government, divided into plots, and awarded to the middle and lower classes.
While the majority left for economic or educational reasons, many Copts, Jews, and conservative Muslims emigrated because they were concerned about the political developments in Egypt.
Still, thousands of others left after Egypt's 1967 defeat in the Arab-Israeli War; approximately 15,000 Egyptians immigrated to the United States from 1967 to 1977.
Egyptian Americans are among the more recent groups to have immigrated to the United States.